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Dec. 22, 2014
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Captain's Comments

So can you identify a Kisbee Ring?

After writing about the U.S.S. Constitution (Old Ironsides) last month several readers inquired about what kind of life jackets she had on board. They come in two forms, those that are worn and those that are thrown. They have been known by many names including; Kisbee Rings, Mae Wests, Life Buoys, Perry Buoys, Cork Jackets, Life Savers, life jackets and present day PFD’s (personal flotation devices).

In early times inflated skins or sealed gourds were used to assist in crossing rivers. In the 16th century Leonardo Da Vinci sketched a diving suit with a life belt. It wasn’t until lifesaving services began to form that the issue of safety was taken seriously.  

Norwegian seamen were the first to build lifesaving devices using blocks of wood or cork-stuffed vests. A 1680 issue of the Universal Magazine volume 10 contains a letter from W.H. Mallison trying to gain support for his invention, the “Seaman’s Friend,” but it was not adopted.  Usage of the devices eventually became prevalent when organizations like Britain’s Royal National Life Boat Institution began using them. By 1855 the Institution was using a type of ring buoy known as the Kisbee Ring. Also a cork life belt was being used during this time. In 1852 the U.S. Congress passed a law requiring ships to carry life preservers and set up a board of supervising inspectors that set standards and rules.  

Cork was the first material used in modern life preservers, followed by kapok fiber introduced in the early 20th century. It was later banned for being flammable and its quick loss of buoyancy. It was then reapproved in 1918. Cork life preservers were heavy and bulky. But kapok could be added to watertight pockets for better flexibility and comfort.

In 1928 after the loss of British passenger steamer Vestris with all lives lost, an international convention for safety of life at sea was convened. Kapok was seen as the superior material for life jackets because it kept the heads of unconscious victims above water.

After World War I balsa wood was also used in life preservers, but by World War II foam was in use and eventually supplanted kapok. The first inflatable life preserver was invented by Peter Markus in 1928, receiving a U.S. patent. It was nicknamed the “Mae West” in reference to the well-endowed entertainer. Wearers of the vest were thought to resemble the buxom actress.

In 1940 Congress passed the Motorboat Act and less bulky vests were designed. The idea was that if they were easier to wear more boaters would wear them, and lives would be saved. During the late ’40s and early ’50s water sports, water-skiing, aqua planning and disc’s became popular. This was mainly due to the affordability of outboard boats with engines large enough to pull skiers. The sport was no longer restricted to those who owned expensive, high-powered boats.

I was one of the outboard runabout owners shortly after moving to Florida in the early ’50s and I immediately took up water-skiing.  Previously while living in Wisconsin, Michigan and Minnesota I had done a lot of snow skiing and jumping, so water-skiing fit right in. We never heard of a ski-belt or vest, even going to AWSA (American Water Ski Association) tournaments to compete. I continued to compete and I was captain of the St. Petersburg Jr. College water-ski team in 1958, when we won the World Inter Collegiate Tournament.

Several weeks later Mr. Kiekhaeffer (Mercury Outboards) wanted to set the record of most skiers pulled by outboards. I and some of my teammates were part of the group of skiers. Mr. K’s boat pulled 21 skiers with twin Mark 78’s on a 21’ hydrodyne hull. That same afternoon Joe Cash (Cypress Gardens skier and champion), told all the skiers if they wanted to do some more skiing, jumping and slalom we should go to the Sarasota Skeearees Club location in Sarasota. We all enjoyed jumping and the slalom course. My friend Bobby Miller decided to make a few more jumps. He went off, fell but didn’t surface. Joe and I started diving for him immediately and when we finally got him to the shore it was too late. I always thought (and was even told)  Bobby’s death was one of the reasons states passed ski-belt and vest laws two years later.

In 1964 the U.S. Coast Guard realized that the required life preservers were still not suitable and decided to have special life preservers made to suit different pastimes such as water-skiing and canoeing. In 1985 the Coast Guard proposed new laws for the carriage of life preservers on boats and their wearing during water sports. Since 1966 aircraft have been required to carry a life preserver for each passenger. As technology and water sports developed, so too did the life preserver.

Past President Lt. JG, George H. W. Bush was one of the pilots saved by his “Mae West” PFD, when he was shot down over the Pacific during wartime. Passing planes spotted him and a submarine picked him up. Air crew members whose lives were saved by use of the “Mae West” PFD were eligible for membership in the Goldfish Club. Peter Markus invented the “Mae West” when he was 16. He purchased a boat and his mother was afraid he would fall overboard.  It consisted of two pneumatic compartments of rubber coated yellow fabric that could be inflated by blowing into a tube or pulling a cord that released carbon dioxide. Waist and crotch straps kept it in place. The War Department paid him $1,600 for his invention in 1936. He used the money for a down payment on a house.

Today’s PFDs are more comfortable to wear because they are properly sized from child to adult.  They are also designed to be less bulky and are light weight and comfortable, you hardly know you are wearing one. Also if your K-9 buddy boats with you they now have doggie PFD’s sized from small to large.
 
Today it is the law to have a PFD that properly fits and is in good condition for each person on board. If you are stopped and boarded and fail to have the proper number of PFDs, you likely will get a ticket. Keep this in mind next spring when you are getting ready for boating season. If you have any questions about the proper PFD or the boating laws, call the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary. A great Christmas gift for your crew would be new PFDs.

PFD designs
The U.S. Coast Guard has dropped the current life jacket codes (Type I, II, III, IV, V) in order to introduce more comfortable innovative life jacket designs.  This should reduce the cost and confusion and increase availability as the codes were unique to the U.S. This is the first step in adopting new standards to simplify life jacket requirements for recreational cruisers and makes life jacket requirements consistent across many countries. A wider variety of sizes and lower cost from manufacturers should increase safety across the U.S. Despite the new standards current life jackets will still be legal although it is critical to ensure there is one properly fitting jacket for passengers on board. To check further go to: www.uscg.org/boating  

The holidays are upon us
Christmas is upon us and captain and crew should make their lists. Maybe it’s an electronics device you want to upgrade to make cruising or fishing easier, maybe you need new lines and fenders. If your crew is into water sports then one of the new tubes that will seat two or more, water-skis or wake boards may be the answers.  

One Christmas I gave my father a new propeller, he was good at finding skinny water. I wrapped it many times and put it in a large outboard motor box. The whole family had fun watching him try and find out what was in the box after he found out it wasn’t a new large outboard motor.   If you don’t have any ideas, go to West Marine’s website and browse through their wish book on line, you are sure to find a great gift: www.westmarine.com.

Now is the time to schedule you and your family for a U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary boating class before next season starts. If you have youngsters approaching the age to be certified to pilot a personal water craft they need the ticket. Have the whole family attend and everyone will benefit.

Atlanta Boat Show
The Atlanta Boat Show will be January 15-18, so mark your calendar. There will be something for everyone: fishermen, youngsters, water sports enthusiasts, and sailors. Make your list and mark your calendar.

I wish you a very Merry Christmas and a safe and Happy New Year.

 


Mike Rudderham is a veteran marine surveyor with more than 40 years experience in the marine industry.





November 2014 column

Some items to check after winterizing your boat

Boats are complicated machines and require periodic checking. One thing that is overlooked and not inspected is seacocks. Even a modest vessel will have a number of thru-hull fittings below the water line – engine water intakes, wash down pump, live well, head intakes should be protected by seacocks and any thru hull hole should be fitted with a seacock. Boat US insurance states that more than 40 percent of boats that sink do so at the dock or on a mooring. This can be due to the lack of inspection to see that you have seacocks that shut the water intake with ease.  Hoses should be properly installed using two stainless marine grade hose clamps per connection. Frequent checking should be a standard practice. If your bilge pump runs often this is the first place to check. It is possible for a hose or hose clamp to leak and a seacock that works will shut off the water leak.

If you leave your boat in the water you might want to shut all seacocks and check for security and check for leaks when turned back on. Make sure seacocks open and close with ease. In an emergency offshore, the faster you can close a seacock the quicker you will save the boat and your passengers from taking a swim. Make sure all hoses connected to seacocks are in good condition. Replace them if you have any doubt. On larger boats, yachts and houseboats you may find it difficult to inspect. I’ve often thought some designers and builders have a grudge against mechanics and marine surveyors with where they place seacocks. In some bilges I’ve inspected seacocks that were so hard to reach that when I did find them it wouldn’t have surprised me if they had a sign on them saying “Bet you had a helluva time finding this one!”

Regardless of where they are, make sure they work. All have a handle which move 90 degrees when in line with the outlet it opens. Turned 90 degrees it is closed. Gate valves should not be used. They are for farm or household use. When purchasing these items always use a marine approved item. When you have finished inspecting or replacing these items remember to record it in your maintenance log. You also might want to alert your frequent cruising crew to the location of your seacocks in case of an emergency.

Atlantic crossing and return
Not long ago I reported on an Atlantic crossing (Spain to Florida) in a 16’ sailboat made from volcanic fibers. Well, Harold Seblacek made the crossing in 87 days aboard “Fipofix.” He returned to Europe on July 2, 2014 and made it in 46 days. Both crossings set records for solo non-stop Atlantic crossings in a 16 foot boat without assistance. This is quite an accomplishment and in a 16 foot boat at that. Makes you wonder where he stored his supplies, water, food and clothes. Visit: www.open16.com for more information.

Maintenance and manuals
If you have read my column in the past you know how important I think maintenance logs are. As I have said before a good maintenance log can be the difference between selling your boat at a reasonable price or a bargain price.
 
Onboard system management companies are creating “reminders” of when maintenance is due as easy as point and click. You will immediately know what needs to be serviced and it will be logged when it’s performed. Your owner’s manual will also be online as well as D.I.Y. instructions for jobs you want to perform. The three top names in the rapidly evolving product category of yacht maintenance management are: My-villages, Wheelhouse Technologies and Vessel Vanguard.

Check out which one will best suit the maintenance and information you need to keep your boat in bristol condition. Prices vary from $199 for small boats to $599 for 40 to 50 foot yachts. Remember you still have to perform the service and log it. I would also recommend saving all your receipts, especially the ones that cover expensive maintenance. This proves the work was completed and when. Check out these sites. I think you will find one that will suit you and your boat. Just search the web for the companies’ names and you’ll find their websites.

Old Ironsides
The U.S. Constitution, which is the world’s oldest commissioned warship still afloat, recently took a celebratory trip around Boston Harbor. She was pushed by a tugboat. The historic vessel was headed for a major, multi-year restoration project in dry dock. The ship earned its nickname after winning battles in the War of 1812 against Great Britain. The vessel turned 239 years old this week. When she sailed into battles she had a crew of 450 which included sailors and marines. Her overall length including bow sprit and fantail is 315 feet, L.W.L. is 175 feet. She was built in 1797 at a cost of $300,000.

According to the report I read the cruise to the dry dock included period costumed crew, bands, many guests including the governor. They numbered more than 500 people. With a compliment of 450 during wartime and now having 500 plus on board I wonder if the Coast Guard inspected for PFDs?  Can you imagine a command of “battle stations?” Yes, the cannons were working and they fired a 21 gun salute. I’ll bet fun was had by all. If you get to Boston in a year or two you should stop by and go aboard. She’s quite a ship and a trip back in time.

A serious fishing trip
Costa Rica is the billfish capital of the world. During the 2014 Los Sueños Signature Triple Crown Tournament a world record of 5,078 billfish were caught and released. Los Sueños is located on Costa Rica’s central pacific coast. A photo of the International Marina shows more sport fishing yachts in one place than I’ve ever seen.  Considering what you get, it’s not that expensive. A seven night, three day fishing package for four during high season (Jan. 4 to March 3) runs $6,660.00. In the green season as they call it, (April 1 to Dec. 15) it is $5,950.00. They also have snorkeling trips to Isla Tortuga which is part of the Curv Nature Reserve.  They also have a crocodile tour with bilingual guides. If you go for a second honeymoon they have a sunset cruise tour.  

If you have never caught a sailfish or marlin, Los Sueños can just about guarantee you one. What a trip to tell your friends about.  Contact 1-866-865-9259 or www.info@lsrm.com. If you go please share your stories and photos with Lakeside.

Boat models
Christmas is just around the corner. Here’s a gift your Captain might like under the tree. Whether you have a yacht, sailboat, houseboat, or tug, Duffy will make a model of it for display on the wall or table. Maybe it’s something the Captain would like in his office or a conversation piece to bring back memories at home. Contact:  www.boatmodelsbyduffy.com or 1-949-645-6811.

Have a great Thanksgiving and I’ll see you around the dock.


October 2014 column

It's that time of year again - winterize

It’s time to winterize your boat.  The more you do now, the less you will have to do come spring when the warm weather returns and you want to get on the water. First, the easiest part of winterizing is to add proper amount of stabilizer to fuel tank and check fuel line and filter, replace where needed. There are several brands of stabilizer, all are good but I prefer StaBil.

Next check the running gear, outdrives and lower units. Gear case oil should be drained and inspected for the presence of water. If water is found you will need to replace the prop shaft seal and then replace gear case oil. If this is not done and it freezes it could crack the gear case and cause expensive repairs. Check your prop. If it’s dinged up or the hub is slipping send it off for repair.

If you haven’t replaced your water-pump impeller and its two years old or more make a note to replace it. Outdrive bellows should be checked. Replace if it has holes or cracks. If holes are found inspect drive unit for damage and repair. Grease all fittings and check steering and shift controls, repair where needed, also check your power trim and tilt.

Boats that stay in the water year round should be hauled. The bottom should be pressure washed and repainted if needed. Running gear and thru-hull fittings should be thoroughly inspected, make repairs if needed.

Inboard engines and four-stroke outboards need oil and filter changes. Old oil can damage the working parts of an engine due to acids it contains. If you have a closed cooling system check or replace anti-freeze for proper protection. While in the engine area, check all hoses and fittings, especially hose clamps. Repair or replace if needed. Check batteries and electrical system. If batteries need replacing make a note to do it in the spring.   

Inspect bilge pumps, head, air conditioning and other accessories.  Repair where needed. Drain all water or use potable anti-freeze.  Wash and clean boat thoroughly.  Fiberglass boats should be waxed.  It makes them easier to clean in the spring. If you trailer your boat don’t forget to check it. Inspect and grease your bearings. Inspect your tires, replace if you have weather cracks. Inspect light system, if it’s old, replace. Check winch and line.

These are some of the important things you need to do so your boat will survive the winter and make spring get ready easier. To make sure you haven’t missed anything on your particular boat, check your owner’s manual or your dealer if you have any questions. One of the most important things to do is record what you have done in your maintenance log. Remember a well-kept maintenance log is an excellent sales tool when it comes time to sell your boat.  

You might want to check out a new app to keep track of your maintenance log. My Boat by Intelligent Maintenance is a utilitarian app for convenient reference and logging of vessel information.  My Boat Dashboard provides check lists and reminders. Check iTunes app store. Cost: $19.99.  www.intelligentmaintenance.com

Electric outboard, lithium battery update
Torqeedo has produced an 80 H.P. electric outboard and Canadian boat builder Campion of Kelowna, B.C., has produced a 180 H.P. electric outboard. Many manufacturers have plans to produce all-electric outboards. This year, a mega yacht builder announced the development of a 12-passenger shore boat for running guests from the anchored mega yacht to shore, at 45 knots powered by a pair of 300 H.P. all-electric outboards.

Lithium ion batteries which power the all-electric Tesla sports car, among other vehicles and it is fast becoming more affordable.  Tesla recently was approved by the state of Nevada to build a multi-million dollar lithium ion battery factory. These batteries are smaller, lighter, and charge faster than their predecessor; they also cost more than three times as much.

In Europe, Renault produces an all-electric car that is sold without the battery pack. Packs are leased to the buyers for the equivalent of $100 per month. Gas costs would be around $300 per month. Battery leasing and charging is $110 per month. If there is a battery problem the builder supplies a new one at no cost. The battery lease rental business model is now being examined by businesses in the marine field. Remember these batteries might cost three times what your lead acid battery costs now, but lithium ion batteries last three times longer. I look for these batteries to develop even further with the refinement they will receive from both the automotive field and the marine field. They will become less in cost, and last longer. I think boaters are not long from having charging stations next to shore power in slips. I’ll bet there will be some interesting new items related to this at the boat shows this year.  I wonder how it will be getting used to no exhaust and engine noise?

Star Wars designs
The last issue of Lakeside showed a photo of the 70’ “Axiom” yacht now on display at Atlanta Marine. The design looks out of this world. It makes one wonder, probably the way a lot of us looked at some of Detroit’s new cars have changed in the last 60 years. It will be interesting to see the sea trial on this boat.  

Several magazines recently covered some yachts that looked like they were tested in a wind tunnel or originated from another planet.  Designer Stefano Pastrovich’s latest is the 295 foot concept X-kid Stuff, quite a luxury yacht that would turn heads in any port.  Pastrovich’s other yachts were the popular Wallypower. Check at: www.pastrovich.com.

The Peconic 43 is another out of this world sport express yacht.  Designed by Scott Henderson and built by C.H. Marine. The lines on this 43 footer are a little more pleasing. Check:  www.chmarineyachts.com.  Myself, I’d rather have a Hunt, Hinckly, Bertram or Grand Banks.  I guess I’m old fashioned.

Plans for cold, winter days
Sometimes during the cold winter months families like to go south for a cruise or plan a trip for next summer. Here are some ideas.

I’m sure by now everyone who has been around boats has heard of the “Great Loop Trip.” If you are interested you can join “America’s Great Loop Association.” They are also going to have the sixth annual “Looper Crawl and Concert” on October 15, 2013 in Rogersville, AL. If you want to talk to Loopers this would be the place, and it’s not that far from Lake Lanier. If you join you will also receive a newsletter. Contact: www.greatlooper.com.

Southwest Florida Yachts, located near Fort Myers, FL, has bareboat and crewed charters to cruise what I think is one of the best parts of Florida to cruise. Cruising World magazine has rated this area of the west coast of Florida as the number one chartering destination in the United States and number three in the world. A 36’ Grand Banks costs $4,499 per week in winter and $3,601 in summer. A Leopard 40’ sailing catamaran charters for $3,957 in winter and $3,167 during the summer.  Contact: www.swfyachts.com.

If you are interested in exploring Washington State’s San Juan Islands and the N.W. Pacific to Alaska, check out Northwest Explorations at www.nwexplorations.com. A 49’ Grand Banks classic is $7,500 per week during high season and $5,475 during low season.  Cruising this part of the world would be quite a family adventure.

The Moorings offers charters in the Caribbean and Europe, both sail and power. Contact: www.moorings.com and check their special offers get brochures and a newsletter. Marinemax has power and sail charters in the British Virgin Islands with a base in Tortola. They offer bareboat or crewed charters. The 484 charter yacht is featured in the September issue of Yachting. The article by Chris Caswell will give you a good idea of the yacht you will charter.  Contact:  www.marinemaxvacations.com.

If you want to cruise the scenic European country side by the canals contact:  www.leboat.com/cw. If you think chartering rates are too expensive compare hotel and motel rates, you’ll find chartering a boat is a bargain. Also if you don’t like where you are you can always weigh anchor and cruise to a better place.

If you get past the dreaming stage and take one of these vacations, please share your story and photo’s with Lakeside.

Powerboat guide
Looking for specifications, prices and reviews for over 1,000 popular models, 1995 to current? Motor-yachts, center consoles, trawlers, convertibles, walk arounds, and express cruisers? How about trailerable fishing boats. Simply check out: www.powerboatguide.com.

Practice safe boating, be courteous and I’ll see you on the water.


September 2014 column

Recent movie sparks interest in Hemingway and his boat, Pilar

Ernest Hemingway’s 38 foot Wheeler has been the topic of many recent magazine stories, probably because of the recent TV movie, Hemingway and Gellhorn. The boat was semi-custom made (freeboard in the transom area was lowered and a roller installed to assist in bringing large billfish and tuna aboard). Hemingway named the boat “Pilar” which was a nickname for his wife Pauline and also the name of the woman leader of the Partisan band in his 1940 novel of the Spanish Civil War, “For Whom the Bell Tolls.”

He fished the boat in the waters of Key West, Marquesas Keys, and the Gulf Stream off the Cuban coast. He also made trips to the Bimini Islands where his exploits in fishing, drinking and fighting remain a part of the history of the islands.

Pilar was built by Wheeler Shipyard, Inc. in Brooklyn, N.Y. launched in 1934. The boat was 38’, 12’ beam, 3’6” draft and was powered by a 75 hp Chrysler and a 4 cylinder Lycoming Trolling engine. Speed was 18 knots. The final price for the boat was $7,495 which included a live well and transom modifications. A flybridge and out riggers were added later.  The helm on the flybridge was a Ford Model T steering wheel.   

During World War II “Pilar” was fitted with communication gear HF/DF or “Huff-Duff” direction finding equipment, for submarine patrols. Weapons included a Thompson sub-machine gun and hand grenades. Most accounts of these patrols imply that they were a farce and he did them in return for extra gas rations and immunity from Cuban Police for driving drunk. His patrol hunting for U-boats inspired part of his novel “Islands in the Stream.”

He researched ways to tire fish quicker and keep them away from sharks. He would even transfer to a skiff and let the fish pull it to tire them so they could bring them aboard before the sharks could get them. His perfected techniques allowed him to be the first person to boat an unmutilated tuna in the Bimini Islands. When sharks bothered his catch, he used a Thompson sub-machine gun to disperse them.  Dockside he staged boxing matches with the locals offering $100 to anyone who could last a few rounds with him. He caught many fish from “Pilar.” In 1935 he won every tournament in the Key West-Havana-Bimini triangle. In 1938 he established a world record by catching seven Marlin in one day.  

The black hull and varnished topside boat is now on display in Cuba at Museo Ernest Hemingway located at Finca La Vigia, Hemingway’s former home near Havana. It is owned by the Cuban government. Americans wishing to visit the boat must obtain special permission from the U.S. government. A full scale replica is on display at the “Bass Pro Shops” in Islamorada, FL. From what I hear the replica is in much better condition than the original.

Wheeler yachts were one of the best built yachts of its time. My yacht and engine maintenance company “Precision Marine” repowered a 42” Wheeler sedan/flybridge. We took out old hemi’s and changed the 24 volt system, and replaced it with Mercruiser Blue Water 427 c.i./325 h.p. This made a good boat perform even better. If you appreciate well-built wooden boats and the work that goes with them, check out a Wheeler, their sea worthiness will surprise you.

Kayakers ocean crossing
Arriving at New Smyrna Beach, FL after 195 days at sea, 67 year old kayaker Alexander “Olek” Doba paddled solo in his 21 foot kayak over 6,000 miles from Portugal. He encountered storms, mechanical problems, a challenging Gulf Stream, and winds that blew him off course. After he reached shore and kissed the Florida sand, everyone agreed he was one tough guy.
North Atlantic record attempt

There is about to be an attempt underway to break the record of crossing the Atlantic from New York to Lizard Point, Helsten, UK. The current record was set in August of 2009 by Banque Populaire. That record is three days, 15 hours, 25 minutes and 48 seconds, with an average speed of 32.94 knots across 4,248 miles. The new attempt – described in one of the magazines I read regularly – will be taking aim at the record distance sailed in a 24 hour period, also held by Banque Populaire. The record is 908 miles at an average speed of 37.84 knots.  The boat they think will break the sailing records is a French built 131 foot Maxitrimaran. The magazine doesn’t identify the person or team behind the attempt, but did state that the boat was built for one purpose, to break these records. The boat is currently in New Port, Rhode Island undergoing modifications to get her into race mode. Those speeds would be good for a power boat, but almost unbelievable for a sail boat. We wish them good luck and a safe journey.

Donzi is 50 years old
Don Aronow boat builder (Donzi-Magnum-Cigarette, and Blue Thunder Catamarans) and power boat ocean racer started Donzi in 1964. In the line were the very popular sweet 16 inboard/outboard runabout, powered by a Holman-Moody 289 c.i. Ford engine coupled to a Volvo outdrive. They also came out with 18’ and 22’ models.

Other than boat shows my first experience with Donzi runabouts was towing one that ran out of fuel.  Guy Lombardo, the band leader and hydro plane racer (TempoVI), opened a hotel and entertainment complex on Anna Maria Island, in St. Petersburg, FL. To celebrate the opening he held a boat race in the Gulf of Mexico. I was fortunate to win the race and on the way back to the dock I ran across a Donzi that was also in the race, dead in the water, out of fuel. Turned out it was Donzi’s plant manager and his cousin. They eventually ended up driving a couple of my race boats with success.

Donzi is building 50th anniversary models of the 16’, 18’, and 22’ models. Original sweet 16’s are out there, and are a favorite model to acquire.Visit: www.donzi.com.

Propellers
By now I’m sure many of you have found the shallow part of the channel and bent up a prop. Here’s some history, Archimedes invented the screw type principle which was used to irrigate fields as well as bail boats. It was appropriately called “Archimedes Screw.” The boat propeller as we know it came in 1827; Czech-Austrian inventor Josef Ressel had invented a screw propeller which had multiple blades fastened around a conical base. He tried it on a steam powered ship and it worked, thus the development began with different blade shapes, number of blades and material used.

Those of you who have not repaired your damaged prop should do so as soon as possible. An unbalanced prop can cause excessive wear on lower unit seals, which lead to expensive repairs. If you are looking for better performance, speed or power, your dealer will have the information on that from the boat and motor manufacturer. That’s why they test them, so they can pass the information on to you. This way you get the right prop and your rig will perform as advertised. A boat that runs over recommended RPMs will damage the engine as will one that is lugging and not coming up to recommended RPMs. Those of you who might want more performance should check out a stainless steel prop. They have thinner blades and you most likely can use another inch in pitch. They are expensive but worth it.

One of my most embarrassing moments in racing involved props.  I had tested and set up my twin B.P. (Blue Printed) Mercury’s on my 18’ Cobia hull and thought I was ready. The race was an eight hour marathon in Smith Mountain Lake, VA. My team took three boats. As soon as we registered I decided to test and check the boat. To my surprise and embarrassment the boat wouldn’t get on a plane.  So I went to Mercury’s prop truck.  They had a new design we had talked about in counter rotating stainless steel props. I put them on and my problem was solved. We figured out that testing in salt water which is denser than fresh is the reason I couldn’t get a plane. That shows you how critical props are.

Another thing you should do is always carry a spare prop, just in case. The better you take care of your prop and the rest of your boat, the easier it will be in your wallet.

Be courteous, practice safe boating and I’ll see you on the water.


August 2014 column

Casino ship 'Escapade' lives up to its name on maiden voyage

I found the recent news interesting – the grounding of the 157-foot casino ship “Escapade” on its maiden voyage off Tybee Island while trying to make her way back to port in Savannah. A chart plotter was blamed. My thought was that the vessel made it out of the same channel earlier in the day, why would they have run aground returning in the same channel?  Low tide comes to mind. Also, after off-loading passengers to Coast Guard cutters the tide came in the vessel proceeded to port with no problems. True, she had less weight after off-loading passengers, but I think low tide played a part.

My question is since this was her maiden voyage how come side scan sonar was not in use? The alarm system would have alerted the captain of shallow water ahead.  We’ll probably know in a future story of the incident.

My first experience in the Coast Guard to aid a grounded vessel came in boot camp at Cape May, N.J. I had been assigned to the boat docks and my job was to clean a captain’s “Gig.” A 26-foot diesel powered double ender used to transport the ship’s captain. Suddenly a man came aboard, I looked up and he was in a full captain’s uniform. His brass was a corroded green, I assumed from being around salt air. I immediately came to attention and saluted. He did likewise and said, “Sailor let’s get this boat underway.” I said, “Yes Sir,” and proceeded to start the Buda diesel, which sounded like a John Deere Tractor. I removed the dock lines and started backing out of the slip. It was about this time I was thanking myself that I paid attention when I was in the Sea Scouts and we visited Coast Guard stations and got to ride on a captain’s “Gig.”

The captain pointed out a training schooner aground in the harbor.  She was 80 plus feet and listing.  We pulled alongside amidships and passed lines fore and aft. Slowly she became loose of the sandbar and the captain told me to proceed to a nearby wharf. The schooner’s auxiliary engine would not run, so we were the only power. As we got closer to the concrete wharf I realized our 26-foot gig was in between the wharf and the schooner – the meat in the sandwich if you will. The closer we got the more I anticipated a command to back out and let the schooner pass lines to those waiting on the wharf. We scraped the wharf and the schooner squeezed the gig to the point we heard wood cracking.  I had one hand on the throttle and one ready to reverse, waiting for the order to get the hell out of there. Finally he gave the order and we shot out of there like a cork from a champagne bottle. We proceeded back to the boat docks, tied up, and that was the last I ever saw of the captain, or heard anything about the incident.

I am sure if you have been around boats long enough you’ve heard the stories of groundings a time or two. Most are related to a stupid mistake, like not paying attention while underway. I had an old salt friend of mine that had a favorite saying for the one boater who brags that he has never run aground. He’d say, “The reason he’s not been aground is he didn’t get off the bar stool at the yacht club or he never took his boat out of its slip.” Groundings are always serious and can cause injury and damage that will cost money. Know the waters where you cruise, if you’re not sure, go slow and watch your fathometer.

New engines
BRP, or Bombardier Recreational Products, the Canadian manufacturer known for its snowmobiles (Ski-Doo) and personal watercraft (Sea-Doo), and also for purchasing bankrupt Outboard Marine Corporation (Evinrude and Johnson) is announcing a totally new engine.  Gone is the Ficht and E-Tec 2- strokes. The new engines will be E-Tec G2 and is totally new from prop shaft to fly wheel. This is the company’s first completely new engine in 38 years.

It will have 75 percent lower emissions and 20 percent more torque (especially out of the hole and at midrange) than leading 4-strokes. The G2’s will have 40 percent more battery-charging capacity at idle. Customers will have a choice of 200, 225, 250, and 300 H.P. models. The engines will have a 5-5-5 warranty as they call it.  This means five years engine and corrosion protection and 500 hour no dealer scheduled maintenance. No doubt this will be the benchmark for the industry. They will be manufactured at the Milwaukee, Wisconsin factory. You will recognize them by their new angular shape when you go to the boat shows.

Mercury Marine has four new engines, 75, 90 and 115 H.P., 4 – stroke outboards and a 4.5 liter 250 H.P. Mercruiser gasoline stern drive. The outboards are of a larger displacement and lower weight and were developed by the Consumer Research Team. The new 250 H.P. Mercruiser was designed in house and did not use the base of an automobile engine. Some of these engines are available now.

Suzuki unveiled a 4-cylinder 200 H.P. 4-stroke in June. The inline engine gives boaters performance previously expected from a V-6. The new engine weighs 12 percent less than the previous V-6, 200 H.P.

Whatever boat and motor combination you choose make sure you give it a thorough sea trial and inspection before you commit yourself. Larger vessels even though they may be brand new should be surveyed. You’ll be surprised what you might find. Whatever craft you decide to purchase, be safe and have fun cruising. You might also what to join Boat U.S.

Fishing clubs in high school
The popularity of bass fishing clubs in high schools has risen across the U.S.A. The idea for these clubs started six years ago in Illinois, which is currently one of four states (including New Hampshire, Kentucky and Missouri) where high school bass fishing is sanctioned as an approved sporting activity. Illinois schools alone field about 245 bass fishing teams with a total following of up to 4,000 students. Student anglers must maintain a 2.0 grade average or better to compete. Dues are $25 per member and entry fees also offer insurance coverage.  Some clubs have as many as 80 members.  

The organization Student Angler Federation (S.A.F.) is affiliated with FLW Outdoors, and also Bass Nation. Prizes in competition range from college scholarships to laptop computers. Check these clubs out and start a club at your high school today. By the way this is not a men’s only club, women are also members. Remember these young people will be our future boat buyers and conservationists.

New books
A book called “As Long as it’s Fun” which is the blue water cruising voyages and extraordinary times of Lin and Larry Pardy. It not only documents their more than 200,000 voyage miles, but also their 48-year marriage. Their advice is “Go simple, go small, go now.” Contact Paradise Cay Publications at www.parcay.com. Price $18.95.

Are you embarrassed tying granny knots on your boat? Get this book and learn marlinspike seamanship. Learn to tie bowlines, sheepshanks, clove hitch and square knots. Be an authority.  Contact International Marine at: www.internationalmarine.com “Knot Know How,” by Colin Jarman. Don’t forget to add a marine gas treatment to your fuel tank when you fuel up next time.

Be courteous, practice safe boating and I’ll see you on the water.  


July 2014 column

Crazy crossing and college champs

Back when I was selling and brokering yachts, my neighbor told me about a new yacht that was new to the market. It was called Carri-Craft. It had a catamaran hull with twin Lehman diesels and Genset.  The layout below was similar to today’s houseboats, but with an upper enclosed command bridge.  The yacht was certainly unique and interesting. They were built in Berlin, WI on a floating assembly line. At the end of the line they were floated on a custom made trailer and delivered.

About six months later and after my neighbor purchased a 45’ model, I was at the Chicago Boat Show, held at McCormick Place. It was the middle of winter, and the windy city was cold. While inspecting all the new boats I came upon the Carri-Craft booth and they had catalogs on their new 57’ yacht. It looked interesting and extremely roomy and convenient.  One of the salesmen came up and started to point out all the benefits of the new 57-footer and then he said “Do you want to take a demonstration ride? We’ve got one ready to go down in the harbor.” I said “You’ve got to be kidding it’s the middle of winter and ice is on Lake Michigan.” He said “No, I’m not kidding.” I said “Let’s go.” We got on board and there were several clients preparing for the cold sea trial, one was from Surinam. I’m sure he thought we were all crazy.  The sea trial went well. The interior and the enclosed command bridge were warm and cozy.

 One of the people on board had just retired from the J. Walter Thompson Advertising company where his account was Uncle Ben’s Rice. He said he was getting Carri-Craft’s Florida sales and would be bringing two 57-footers down the Mississippi and then across to Clearwater. I went back to Clearwater and didn’t think much more about it until I got a call that two Captains were needed to bring two 57’ Carri-Crafts from New Orleans to Clearwater. So, fellow Captain Tuffey Parker and I were off to New Orleans for the delivery trip. We arrived at the marina and the owner who had been on the ice breaking sea trial said Tuffey would Captain the boat he and his family were on and I would take the other one. The owner hired a Captain’s mate to help me for the trip. Being Cajun Tuffey immediately nicknamed him “Frenchy.” I figured he could handle the job.

The next morning after we had checked the boats and warmed up the engines and were about to cast our lines and get underway, I couldn’t find “Frenchy.” I went below and found him seated in the galley with a bottle of scotch. I explained that was a no-no and got rid of the scotch. It was rough in the Gulf so we decided to take the I.C.W. and hope it calmed down the next day. Somewhere in Mississippi or Alabama we passed a tug pushing a barge and it picked up some flotsam from the bottom and sheared my outboard rudder off. We weren’t taking on any water and the engines were OK, so we reduced speed and proceeded to Pensacola. The owner called the factory and had a rudder and parts air shipped.  

Tuffey was in the engine room to pull the bolts through and I was treading water pushing the rudder in place. A situation like this is why you have dowels and tapered wooden bungs on board. When the bolts go you use them to retain watertight integrity.

We also had a boating magazine writer traveling with us. He was getting a little restless because of the repair delay. We stopped at Apalachicola that night and feasted on great seafood. The Gulf was still rough and we decided to proceed to Carrabelle and make our crossing from there. A 57’ Chris-Craft Constellation was moored next to us in Apalachicola and the writer jumped ship and decided to cross the Gulf to Clearwater with him.  He later said he had never been so sick and the salon furniture was flying back and forth and breaking up. He also said it would probably be his last crossing.

We arrived in Carrabelle and anticipated an early morning start to our crossing. Tuffey said, “You lead the next morning.” I was going to check and see if it had calmed down. “Frenchy” was at the helm when he realized how rough it was. He tried to turn around in the channel and almost broached the boat. I grabbed the helm, went out in the rough Gulf turned around and went back to the marina. We decided the next day would be a safe crossing. The Gulf calmed and we decided on a night crossing.

Tuffey and I decided we would run parallel 75 to 100 yards abeam.  I took the first watch while Frenchy rested (like he really needed it). Tuffey created the entertainment talking with the Campeche shrimpers, telling them how great their girlfriends were. It kept me from seeing ghost ships. I let Frenchy take a late night watch, and I went below. Several hours later I took over the helm and Tuffey was several miles to starboard. Seems Frenchy is a shallow water sailor and was trying to get closer to shore. I corrected and we made the rest of the trip with no surprises.

We hadn’t secured our lines well when Frenchy took off. Four or five weeks later a large Chris-Craft ran aground entering Clearwater Bay. Who was the Captain?  You guessed it, “Frenchy.” I must confess, on the many deliveries myself and other Captains have made, we found the Gulf rough so we could follow the I.C.W. and stop at ports with great seafood. The boats got there OK with well-fed Captains and crew.   

UGA fishing champs
In the last year or two I’ve hit on topics of high school and college fishing tournaments. UGA’s Byron Kenney from Griffin, GA and Will Treadwell from Buford, GA showed them how it’s done two times. They won the FLW-SEC College Tournament at Guntersville Lake in Alabama, and the Boat U.S. College Championship at Pickwick Lake, Ala. At the Boat U.S. College Tournament they landed 10 bass weighing 49.84 pounds. This was almost four pounds more than the second place team from Tennessee Tech. I’m sure we will be hearing from these fishermen in the future tournaments. Congratulations guys.

Take some kids or a veteran fishing this summer. Be courteous, practice safe boating and I’ll see you on the water.


June 2014 column

Have a safe, fun boating season

The boating season is well under way, and I’ll bet that after Memorial Day weekend there are a few maintenance problems you have discovered while you were on the water. I’m sure the majority of you who properly winterized and did your spring get ready maintenance had trouble free cruising or wake boarding, but those of you who did no maintenance or have  just purchased a boat and are still learning most likely had a problem, or two.

Fuel problems likely caused most problems. Sitting over the winter with no fuel treatment in the tank will do that. That means a thorough cleaning of the fuel system, tank, lines, water separator, and filters and remember fuel treatment when you fill up.

Batteries are another problem if not maintained. Make sure all connections are clean. Also any excess drain on the batteries power which would cause them to lose power.  Check the age of batteries.

If you find your bilge pump or pumps are running constantly or more often than they should, start checking for leaks. Most likely it’s a hose. If hoses are showing age they all should be replaced.

These are three of the most likely areas that could give you trouble. There are a lot of other projects that might not be DIY maintenance.  Get your dealer’s mechanic to tackle those. If you feel you are a qualified “do it yourself” boater you might want to get a manual for your stern drive or outboard as a guide. Contact: www.clymer.com or www.selocmarine.com. When you finish your projects remember to enter it in your maintenance log.  You might want to join Boat U.S. so you can use the Tow BoatU.S. service, it’s cheap at $24 and they have a great boating magazine.

Cruise the Bahamas
I’m sure when you have been at anchor or the end of the day after the boat is secure, the conversation turned to places you would like to go by boat. Crossing the Gulfstream to the Bahamas usually comes up. Most say they wouldn’t want to cross alone. Well now you don’t have to worry, you now can sign up for one of the boating flings offered by the Bahamas Tourist Office. Cost is $75 and you can join a flotilla of up to 30 other vessels led by an experienced captain.

The flotillas make direct, four-day runs to popular islands such as Bimini and Grand Bahama, as well as a 12-day island hoping tour.  The boating flings depart and return to Bahia Mar Marina in Ft. Lauderdale. They depart on Thursdays and return on Sundays.  These cruises are only offered in June and July. Call 1-800-32-SPORT for summer 2014 dates.

Your boat should be 25’ or more with the comforts of home, and be able to have a cruising range of at least 125 miles. The boat should in addition to required U.S.C.G equipment have a GPS, PLB or EPIRIB. You might want to get a Yachtsman’s Guide to the Bahamas: call 877-923-9653 or www.yachstmansguide.com. You should consult U.S. Customs and Border Protection to find out cost and proper I.D.s required when traveling to and from the Bahamas.

If you have a trailerable boat, why not get a group together and join the flotilla for a Bahamas fling cruise. If you go, please share your photos and story with Lakeside.  I’ve made many trips to the Bahamas, fishing, snorkeling and just relaxing. I also saw them the fast way in the 1970 Bahamas 500 Ocean Race.

Eco-Sea Cottages
These floating homes are elegant and ecological houseboats that are 560-1,300 square feet, one to three bedrooms, one to two bathrooms, 36’ to 55’ long, one or two levels, fireplace, all major appliances. The cost is $164,000 to $349,000 with free delivery in the U.S. This type of housing is popular in Florida and other Gulf states.  It is also a Coast Guard regulated vessel. I don’t know if the Corps will allow these on Lake Lanier, but if you have other lake front property it might be for you. Just think you could fish off your front porch, and you don’t have to mow the lawn. Contact: 206-297-1330 or www.eco-seacottage.com.

Banking by water
My introduction to water jet boats was a trip to the Bank on the Water. This was in Miami where you can bank from the water. My friend that had this “hot dog” jet boat said “Let’s go to lunch.” I said “OK” and he said “We’ll take the jet boat; I’ve got to go by the bank.” So off we went. My friend only knows stop and wide open, especially in his jet boat. We made it to the drive-thru window and it’s a wonder the teller didn’t run at the speed we came in. But he got his money and we went to lunch by boat. No traffic lights, jams or horns. That was a first for me, and I imagine in Miami you can still go to the water drive thru bank.  

More on water-jets, PWCs
Sea-Doo is trying to re-ignite the P.W.C. market with their new “Spark.” Personal watercraft prices have gone over the $10,000 level, so Sea-Doo introduces the “Spark” at a $4,999 price. This should get sales going again. When Sea-Doo ceased production recently their Rotax engine was kept in production to supply Scarab, Chapparal and Glastron boats. The Rotax 900 Ace that was developed for snowmobiles powers the Spark. It develops 50 hp and an optional high output generates 90 hp. The lower price will most likely introduce lower prices models from the competition. But when you add extras and a high output engine you will end up close to $10,000. So if you want a PWC without all the bells and whistles the $4,999 Spark will be the one for you.

Dogs and water
The Wilsons recent article about dogs on boats reminded me of my dachshunds and their water activities. I lived on the bay side of Clearwater Beach , Fl. and at low tide my dogs would go down the steps and swim or run. Skiers often dropped a ski in front of the dock, and come back to pick it up. Well Hienrich retrieved a ski and pulled it up on the beach. He made a good choice as it was a Cypress Gardens ski. I put it up on the dock expecting the skiers to claim it, and they never did.

Another time they were cruising in the boat with me when I thought they might need some exercise. It was low tide so I selected a large sand flat and put them out. Well, the sand flat was filled with fiddler and hermit crabs. When they discovered this, the chase was on.  The dogs gave us quite a show.  Needless to say they slept well that night.

When I lived in Wisconsin I had a black lab named Johnny Rebel.  He was 120 pounds of energy and if you threw it he would bring it to me. This story doesn’t involve a boat, but it does water, frozen that is. The ice fishermen would throw their catch: walleye, bass, trout on the ice and Johnny Rebel would pick one up and bring it to the house. The ice fishermen would chase him on their snow mobiles. I would offer them the fish back and they would say no, it’s been in a dog’s mouth. I’d give them a six pack which seemed to satisfy them, and I had a great fresh fish dinner.

Be courteous, practice safe boating and I’ll see you on the water.


May 2014 column

New technology is great but what if it breaks?

A bunch of boaters and I were discussing the recent technology seen at boat shows or read about it in magazines. One asked the question, “What do you do if your single lever control breaks down while docking?” Another asked, “What if you have the new Wi-Fi model and it fails, how do I get home?” All the more reason to be a member of Boat/US where you get a reduced rate for Tow Boat/US services. You would think some information would have been in magazines, or the manufacturers would have a remedy. I guess the best thing to do if you break down and need a tow is to call the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, or Tow Boat/US. I’m sure the manufacturers will say nothing will go wrong if it is properly maintained. Well, I have yet to see any devices that won’t break down even when maintained, when you combine man, wear and water, that won’t break down.  

Another thing we are going to see is true captains disappearing.  You know the ones that can dock a single engine boat and make it look easy, or can read the tides and current when entering an inlet. I’m afraid if we depend too much on technology, a real captain will become a lost art. Let’s hope not, there’s still a lot of older boats that need us.

National Safe Boating Week
May 17th thru the 23rd is that week, just before two big holidays: Memorial Day and July 4th. I’m sure most boaters have hit the water for a weekend or two and have noticed an item (or two) that could need some attention on the boat. Maybe some new PFDs, a fire extinguisher, VHF radio, anchor and rode, are just a few items which might have a need for replacement. Make having your boat in top condition your Safe Boating Week goal. It will make the rest of the boating season more enjoyable.

You might also get the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary to give you a boat inspection. When your boat passes they give you a sticker.  Everyone will see it including the “water” police. This won’t mean they won’t stop you but that sticker shows you passed the inspection and you may not be boarded for another inspection. It also indicates that you are a safe boater.

Safe Boating Week’s first day, Saturday May 17th, will be a world record attempt at wearing lifejackets. Go to: www.readysetwearit.com and you and your family can participate in the life jacket world record day. It sounds like a great idea.  Remember, 84 percent of boating deaths were because they were not wearing a life jacket. I’d like to see the kids reminding mom and dad to put their life jackets on. The more we practice safe boating the better season you will experience.

Well traveled bourbon
We have all heard that alcohol and water don’t mix. Well, Trey Zoeller, founder of Jefferson’s Bourbon in Louisville Kentucky thought that he could speed up the aging process by sloshing the bourbon around in the barrel. So he contacted an old classmate of his, Chris Fischer who is chairman of Ocearch, an organization that does research on sharks and oceans.  Ocearch has a large vessel that travels around the world. Zoeller made arrangements with Fischer to put five barrels of aging Jefferson Bourbon on board to get sloshed around as it travelled around the world’s oceans. Zoeller thought it might speed up the aging process.  Three and a half years later and two barrels less, due to damage, (yea, I’ll bet) the three barrels left were matured way beyond it’s years. Zoeller named it Jefferson’s Ocean. It sold out immediately.  Being eager to continue the experiment he gave Fisher four barrels to stow below decks. He also loaded 62 barrels on a container ship that has crossed the equator four times in five months. This batch of Jefferson’s Ocean was released on March 1. Next time you are enjoying a nightcap, consider that your beverage might have logged more ocean miles than you have.

Million dollar bass tourney
As they say, “Things in Texas are big” and they brag about it.  For fishing tournaments this is BIG. On April 25 to 27, 2014, the Lake Sam Rayburn Tournament was scheduled to take place with a guaranteed $1 million purse. The first place payout included a $250,000 grand prize consisting of a Coachman RV, Ram pickup (fully loaded), fully loaded Triton bass boat and $40,000 cash. Second through fifth places also won big with $10,000 cash, four more Triton Bass boats and four more Ram trucks for those winners. The winning didn’t stop there. Anglers will compete every hour of the three day tournament for 12 cash prizes. The total hourly payout will be $372,000. This year they also have Lake Jam, a five day tackle and boat show with live music by Nashville stars.

Two other Texas tournaments have been scheduled: Toledo Bend, May 16-18 and Lake Fork, September 12-21. Both have $500,000 in total winnings. These tournaments have been going on annually for some time, and you can see how they have grown.

 In 1988 a man won with a 9.42 pound fish. He was out of work and borrowed money from the family grocery to enter. He then borrowed a Jon boat to fish from.  He caught the winning fish and took home $38,000. In 2004 a 10 year old won an hourly session with an 8.33 pound fish and won $2,000. A year later he caught an 11.57 pounder and won the payment of $100,000.

The same organization also holds tournaments in Guntersville, AL, Kentucky Lake in Tennessee and Lake Ouachita in Arkansas.  Entry fees are not that steep considering the payout. The recent Lake Sam Rayburn event was $160 for one day, $210 for two days and $260 for three days. Contestants can also enter a couple of bonus games to win additional money.   Entry fee in the little anglers division is $10 per day.  

Sounds like a tournament like this would fit right in at Lake Lanier. For more information visit www.sealyoutdoors.com or call 888-698-2591.

Tug boats
In the last 10 years or so tug boat replicas have become popular for cruising. They have that recognizable classic macho style. Also, with a single diesel engine they are quite economical to operate. Now several manufacturers have introduced trailerable tugs in the mid 20 foot range. These boats are ideal for family trips and have all the comforts of home. A tug would be a great choice for a great loop adventure. Visit www.greatloop.org or call 877-GR8-LOOP. Most boating magazines will have information on the new trailerable tugs or the larger ocean going yacht type tugs, visit www.nordic.com or www.ranger.com. I’ve always been fascinated to see tugs work, especially when they go through the lo
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